YES, in Kenya, 70% of the population DO NOT have access to proper sanitation! Of course it is the people living in rural areas that have little access to sanitation facilities. Airborne diseases from poor sanitation, like diarrhea, continue to be the third biggest killers of children under 5 years in Sub-Saharan Africa.
However, the cost of a deep pit outhouse is over $500, more than an average family’s annual income. A deep pit latrine can also contaminate the water supply creating further disease.
Simple Composting Toilet -
A concrete reinforced slab is placed over a shallow pit (2’ x 3.5’) with a simple structure built around it. The toilet slab has a removable lid to keep out flies. After each use, leaves, soil, or ash are added causing decomposition. When the pit is full in 8-12 months, the slab and structure are moved to a new shallow pit. AND a fruit tree is planted in the rich, decomposed soil left behind. This simple solution:
Lowers diarrheal and other disease by up to 73%!
Water supply isn’t contaminated.
The fruit trees that are eventually planted create shade, improve the environment, provide food and possible income.